History

While the world of Novos Mundos shares a lot of similarities with the world we all know, there are major changes. The world of Novos Mundos deviates from real life history after World War 1 and is completely different from the end of World War 2. This page records the full global history. Individual entities may provide more specific histories within the global framework. As the global story develops further, elements on this page will be updated.

Summary

The world is nothing like it looks like in real life. With fundamentally different fronts in World War 2 and different events in the early 20th century, essentially every deviation from established borders can exist. Real life borders are a guideline at best. Meanwhile the lack of multilateralism resulted in a major reduction in post-war rebuilding while the wars themselves lasted much longer. As a result technology needed much more time to catch up and while it is more modern in some fields, it is equal to what we know now in many others. Nuclear weapons were never used and as such using nuclear technology for non-energy uses has only started in recent decades. Space travel has meanwhile resulted in the first permanent residences for humans beyond Earth and multilateralism mostly consists of summits and conventions for specific purposes. The Earth (and solar system) of 2100 is a sandbox in its truest form.

Never Again

World War 1 has ended but no one can truly consider themselves the victor. Millions have died and warfare has changed forever. Under the Treaty of Versailles the German and Austrian empires have been decimated and with the Soviet Union established in the corpse of the Russian Empire, the base was established for the next era of ideological conflict. While the former combatants had pledged to never let such a war happen again, the alliances broke as soon as they were established and the framework for multilateralism through the League of Nations never got established. Without foreign intervention, the White Movement in Russia was doomed to a quick death and by the early 1920’s, communist supremacy in Russia was absolute.

Combined with the lack of international cooperation, after an initial post-war surge the economies of the world are not ready for the economic crises of the 1920’s and 1930’s. The first signs of things going in the wrong direction came when in 1925 all major European stock exchanges reported record losses. When France launched a punitive expedition against Germany in 1926 for failing its treaty obligations, European markets were dealt another blow and even Wall Street experienced the biggest crash in its history. With European and North American markets in shambles, the global Great Depression was a fact.

The rise of Mussolini in 1922 and Hitler in 1929 fascism had become the third major ideology competing for European and global dominance.

Asia was spared relatively the horrors of the 1920’s, but it too experienced its consequences in 1930 when the rising Japanese Empire launched an unprovoked invasion of the Republic of China. While the Kuomintang had managed to keep warlords and communists at bay, the stab in the back from Japan further destabilized the country and gave rise to the Chinese Civil War.

With their external masters preoccupied with the European conflicts and economies, many European colonies in Africa and Asia saw the possibility to seek independence. The African Rebirth (1932) and the Asian Rebirth (1935) would see a wave of rebellions against colonial rule. The most prominent of these being the Indian Revolt of 1935, the Zulu Revolt of 1933 and the Arab Independence War (Saharan Africa) of 1937. While only the last of these was effective, they still weakened the military capabilities of the European powers and complicated economic recovery efforts.

Again

World War 2 in Europe

Anger over the Treaty of Versailles, French occupation of large German territories and the economic crises hitting the German economy especially hard had proven fertile ground for Hitler. Promising a return of German greatness the fascist dictator engaged in a series of covert military build-ups. Facing a force capable of defending itself and dealing with rebellions in its colonies, France pulled back on its punitive missions. A move that would end up being a fatal mistake. Emboldened by this first victory and now loved by his people, the next step was the occupation of German majority territories in neighbouring countries and reunification with Austria. By the time France and the United Kingdom had finally realized another world war was inevitable, the Germans were already invading Czechoslovakia and Poland. With their forces heavily reduced however and colonial manpower being deemed unreliable, the Allies did not have the forces to halt the early German advance.

In 1939 Germany had successfully invaded the neutral Low Countries within ten days, only a month later German soldiers marched through Paris as Allied and remaining French forces made a hasty retreat. Had it not been for the Soviet Declaration of War in the second half of 1939, the Germans would have almost certainly had full control of the European mainland and pushed deep into the British Isles. While Germany had initially planned to deport populations it considered undesireable (including most prominently the Jews, Slavs and Romani) to Madagascar, the inability to bring about a quick victory against the Allies necessitated a different approach. Calling this approach the Final Solution, a network of concentration, labour and extermination camps were established throughout occupied Europe for the genocide of these people. While by 1944 German defeat was all but inevitable and Allied Forces had broken into Western Europe, it would take until 1952 until a joint British-Soviet force took Berlin ending the war.

Horrors over the treatment of minorities by the Germans, and the large amount of war crimes committed by both German and Italian forces, would lead to the first real piece of multilateral cooperation. With the Allies (most prominently the Soviet Union, France and the United Kingdom), the neutral United States and the neutral South American powers establishing an International Criminal Court in The Hague. The first objective of this court would be to prosecute German offences in the war. Though later on it would be mandated to independently investigate and prosecute other conflicts as well. Its operations guaranteed by the powers that formed it, meant it had the pull to enforce its rulings.

World War 2 in Asia

World War 2 in Asia had effectively begun when the Japanese invaded China. However, seeing weaknesses in Europe’s Asian colonies from the Rebirth as well as the impacts of the European war, it truly would go global when seeking resources Japan initiated operations against all European colonies in Asia. By 1942 all but India had fallen under Japanese control and even if the Europeans would win their own war, it was unlikely they could retake it. Japanese fortunes only went down when in 1946 the war of attrition in China had reduced Japanese manpower far enough that they could no longer hold their large territories.

In 1947, with the European Allies confident of the outcome in Europe the first real strikes against Japan started. What would prove Japan’s undoing however would be the very same rebellions in the former colonies that had weakened Europe. In 1957, with its military in ruins and war exhaustion at its highest, the Japanese emperor had no choice but to surrender to the coalition of China, the European Allies and the newly independent Asian countries. It too would face the force of the International Criminal Court for the use of forced labour and human experimentation amongst other war crimes.

A New World

The end of World War 2 had created a world never seen before. After decades of war the European and Asian empires were on their knees. Former colonies throughout Asia and Africa succeeded in forming new countries. In the Americas, the neutrality of the United States and others meant that even though in a better shape materially there was no one willing to accept their dominance.

The next 40 years would be dominated by rebuilding. As there was no superpower, a truly multipolar world had been created. The period was remarkably peaceful as the world was resolved to tend to the needs of its people first.

By 2000, the world had finally rebuilt from the war and generally the world started exceeding its pre-war heights. This era of diplomacy was defined by the free cooperation of independent states. There was little multilateralism, however everyone knew that the wars had been too devastating to rebuild from alone. This was further exemplified by companies and powerful individuals within countries seeking cooperation, independent of their governments, internationally. These private alliances would fuel most of the innovation of the Energy and Digital Revolutions of this era. Nuclear power had become very secure and accessible, and was considered a great solution to the dangers of climate change. Meanwhile computer technologies saw a meteoric rise until the invention of quantum computing in 2035.

Space Revolution

With the world rebuilt and in fact experiencing a new golden age, and innovation in energy production, computers and technology in general never having been as strong, a new revolution was unfolding. Space travel in the early 2000s had established satellites and even a minor base on the moon, however a need for resources not readily available on Earth and the human desire for exploration fuelled a revolution in space. The ability to enter the atmosphere became as readily available as air travel had been in the 20th century and even the first colonies were established. Especially wealthy corporations even established the first asteroid and lunar mining endeavours. Space was a new frontier, and both governments and companies were readily embracing it.

22nd Century

At the dawn of the 22nd century the world was nothing like anyone could have expected 150 years earlier. Infinite diversity in infinite combinations would define it in a single sentence. The lack of superpowers had created a truly open world where any country and even some companies could aim for the literal and/or metaphorical stars.