Andean Inca Republic

Entity Information

Territories: Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, and the three northernmost regions of Chile (Arica and Parinacota, Tarapaca, and Antofagasta).
Capital: Cuzco
Languages: Quechua, Spanish
Population: 72425000

Government Information

Government Form: Guided Democracy (Presidential Dictatorship)

President/Sapa Inca: Juan Bartolomeo Calderon Alvarez
President of the Assembly: Martin Roberto Ramirez de Lima Escandon
Other Government Officials:
Minister of Education - Jose Maria Chavez Diaz
Minister of Defense - Luis Delgado Guzman

Summary

The Andean Inca Republic, known colloquially as either the Inca Republic or AIR, is nominally a democratic republic that promotes the ancient Quechua culture of the region over the more recent cultural influences of Spain. In practice, this has resulted in arbitrary divorcement from Spanish culture in some areas, while retaining other harder to scrub facets of the Spanish influence. Religion and naming have remained unchanged, for example, but holidays have been planned around traditional Inca celebrations and the state encourages residents to identify themselves based off of their native heritage rather than Spanish. These forceful methods of realigning public thought are reflected in the origin of the state and its current government. The President can theoretically be challenged in elections, but he, like the overwhelming majority of the Popular Assembly (the legislature) frequently isn't and even contested elections are landslides for pro-government individuals. This is maintained through bribes, force, and propaganda, and has resulted in the outsized influence of the Ministry of Education and Ministry of Defense. Despite the lack of political freedoms, the government has sought to maintain general support among the populace beyond propaganda campaigns and military crackdowns. To this end, many social programs are promoted nationally, including a healthcare system and government sponsorship of public work programs for unemployed citizens, paying more than enough for national infrastructure and mining operations, while ensuring that no one goes hungry. This pragmatism represents a continued adherence to the basic ideas of Peronism that have, to all appearances, worked well in neighboring Falklandia, and serves as a continued basis for the AIR's decision making to this day.

History

The Andean Inca Republic was born from the mind of Peruvian General Raymundo Balbin Carvajal, who took power in a CIA-backed coup in 1975. Overthrowing the previous dictator, newly minted President Balbin sought to grant his military government greater legitimacy by staging elections under the promise of a new plan to end Peru's economic slump. Using his military connections to secure order and inviting outside contractors to develop Peru's mineral wealth, the new Peruvian government slowly won over the populace and won a second election in 1979. Around this time, President Balbin began to alter the characteristics of his regime. Having now won two elections and with the military decisively loyal to him, Balbin used the new financial stability offered by his government to bribe the legislature and begin implementing a dictatorship more in the style of former Mexican dictator Porfirio Diaz, working on becoming less reliant on the military as to begin to cut unnecessary excess spending and using the extra state wealth to begin retaking control of the nation's mineral wealth. In addition, it was during his second term that President Balbin began to promote Neo-Incaism, a self-invented ideology that argued that Peru's stagnation was due to its forgetting of its heritage and former glory prior to Spanish colonialism. Promoting individuals of native ancestry and announcing mandatory teaching of Quechua in Peruvian schools, by 1984, after winning another election with broad national support, he declared Peru the Inca Republic, declaring that the nation's native heritage was of greater importance to the people and the enrichment of the region than its Spanish heritage had ever been. As years went by, President Balbin began to tighten his grip on the Inca Republic, resorting to more blatantly oppressive means to keep peace and increasing the fervor by which he promoted Neo-Incaism, going as far as to mandate multiracial marriages to ensure all citizens had some descent from the Inca. Upon his sudden death in 2001, there was some hope that a new wholly civilian and democratically elected government would take over, but this was not to pass. Instead, a member of the cabinet took over and continued Balbin's policies. Despite this continuation of the ruling elite, there was noticeable change in the policies of the regime. Either out of pragmatism or genuine ideological commitment, various social policies began being implemented to reduce the general poverty of the nation, as well as a relaxation of press censorship laws, with the new President declaring that Neo-Incaism did not mean pure nationalism and dictatorship, and began drawing direct correlations between his polices and those of former Argentine President Juan Peron. Further helping him was, as always, the loyal military, happily enjoying a pay raise that made being a soldier one of the more lucrative jobs in the nation for non-college graduates. While this codified the domestic policy of the nation, the President's foreign policy rendered the Inca Republic diplomatically isolated for decades. Following mass civil unrest against their unpopular President, in 2023, Bolivia found itself embroiled in both a military coup and nation-wide civilian uprisings. Citing matters of national security, as well as an invitation from representatives of native Quechua in Bolivia, the Inca Republic invaded Bolivia and utilizing the broken and divided nature of many Bolivian resistance groups, decapitated the leadership of the larger organizations via airmobile raids and mechanized offensives, and utilized its control of important cities, infrastructure, and aid materials to build goodwill with those groups who still tried to resist. After a couple of years of stabilization, Inca forces oversaw a public referendum that saw Bolivia's unification with the Inca Republic (soon renamed to the Andean Inca Republic) amidst some controversy. The newly minted AIR worked hard to win over skeptics in former Bolivia, as well as attempted (with mixed results) to smooth over the aftermath of the referendum with international audiences. Helping the AIR's case was the fact that the intervention into Bolivia had been supported internationally up until the referendum, and given that no outbreak of hostilities occurred after the referendum, many internationally reluctantly accepted its results. It was a near-miscalculation in 2037 involving Ecuador that almost brought the regime down, but by that time, growing mineral exploitation in the region had enabled the AIR to, with mixed support regionally, invade and annex Ecuador following wide evidence that the Ecuadorian government had killed Inca civilians. Despite condemnations world-wide, sympathy for the AIR among political oppositions in many nations prompted no real action. The latest territorial acquisition of the Andean Inca Republic was northern Chile, specifically regions that had previously been owned by Peru and Bolivia, and were seized on that reasoning after the Chilean government collapsed into civil war over the rigged elections of 2082. While their neighbors continue to eye the AIR with suspicion after this move, the current Presidency is manned by the previous Minister of Education, and President Calderon has repeatedly stated, in interviews and conversations stretching back before even 2082 that he opposes military expansionism and favors diplomacy where possible. The willingness of the AIR's neighbors to believe this stance is mixed, at best, but the nation has always maintained decent relations with Brazil and has no negative incidents with Falklandia in their mutual history.